一、1.Phonetics 0.(1) A．examine
二、2.Vocabulary and Structure
Part I Vocabulary and Structure
Directions: Each of the following sentences is provided with four choices. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Then, mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.
0. -- Excuse me, are you waiting for the bus?-- Yes, I am. But the bus is so late ______, how can I get to No. 1 Middle School?
A．In the way
B．On the way
C．Out of the way
D．By the way
1. We are using up our natural resources too quickly and at the same time we are ______ our environment with dangerous chemicals.
2. It is those people who ______ most angry at what is going on at university campuses.
3. I will go back to my hometown as soon as I ______ my examinations.
4. In spring and summer, the most popular ______ is tennis.
5. ______ way is more efficient is still a question.
6. Many a school in the United States ______ to train men in theology.
A．was set up
B．were set up
C．has set up
D．have set up
7. We don"t know what the surface of Venus might ______.
8. This town is famous ______ its historical homes.
9. Our boss told me my plan was still ______ discussion.
10. His handwriting is ______ yours.
B．as well as
C．much better than
D．as better as
11. It was recommended that they ______ for the doctor.
D．should have waited
12. Don"t forget to post the letter for me, ______?
13. It is a ______ ride from his home to the shopping center.
14. Hardly ______ when they ran toward it.
A．had the plane landed
B．did the plane land
C．the plane had landed
D．the plane landed
Part III Reading Comprehension
Directions: In this part there are four passages. Each passage is followed by a number of comprehension questions. Read the passages and choose the best answer to each question. Then, mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
1.It is possible to stop most drug addiction in the United states within a very short time. Simply make all drugs available and sell them at cost. Label each drug with a precise description of what effect-good and bad-the drug will have on the taker. This will require heroic honesty.
For the record, I have-once-almost every drug and like none, disproving the popular theory that taking a single smoke of opium will enslave the mind. Nevertheless many drugs are bad for certain people to take and they should be told why in a sensible way.
Along with advice and warning, it might be good for our citizens to recall that the United States was the creation men who believed that each man has the right to do what he wants with his own life as long as he does not interfere with his neighbor’s pursuit of happiness.
Now one can hear the warning，if everyone is allowed to take drugs, everyone will, and the gross national product will decrease and we shall end up a race of fools. Alarming thought. Yet it seems most likely that any reasonably healthy-minded person will become a drug addict if he knows in advance what addiction is going to be like.
Is everyone reasonably sensible? No. Some people will always become drug addicts just as some people will always become drunken, and it is just too bad. Every man, however, has the power to kill himself if he chooses. But since most men don’ t, they won’t be the majority, either. Nevertheless, forbidding people things they like or think they might enjoy only makes them want those things all the more. This psychological insight is ，for some mysterious reason ,denied by our governors.
The author’s solution to the drug problem is______.
A．to make ail drugs extremely costly
B．to put honest warnings on all drug labels
C．to make the buying and selling of ail drugs illegal
D．to tell people the dangerous effects of drugs on health
Many people believe that______.
A．taking drugs once in a while will not be harmful
B．a single smoke of opium will make you an addict to it
C．the authorities are honest in dealing with the drug problem
D．it is a heroic activity to destroy all the drugs available
According to the author,，forbidding people to take drugs is______.
A．unacceptable to the majority of people
B．not an effective way to stop drug addiction
C．in the interest of the people and the governors
D．in agreement with the basic rights of citizens
Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
A．Few people will take drugs ff they are allowed
B．The United Stated will be easily defeated if its citizens are allowed to take drugs
C．It is a general practice to forbid drugs in different countries
D．A majority of people will become addict to drugs if they are allowed to take them
Which of the following might best describe the author’s arguments in the passage?
7.Normally a student must attend a certain number of courses in order to graduate, and each course which he attends gives a credit which may matter toward a degree. In many American universities the total work for a degree consists of thirty - six courses each lasting for one semester. A typical course consists of three classes per week for fifteen weeks；while attending a university a student will probably attend four or five courses during each semester. Normally a student would expect to take four years attending two semesters each year. It is possible to spread the period of work for the degree over a longer period. It is also possible for a student to move between one university and another during his degree course, though this is not in fact done as a regular practice.
For every course followed a student is given a grade, which is recorded, and the record is available for the student to show to prospective employers. All this imposes a constant pressure affairs. Elections to positions in student organizations arouse much enthusiasm. The effective word of maintaining discipline is usually performed by students who advise the academic authorities. Any student who is thought to have broken the rules, for example, by cheating, has to appear before a student court, with the enormous num hers of students, the operation, of the system does involve a certain amount of activity. A student who has held one of these positions of authority is much respected and it will be of benefit to a later career.
Normally a student would at least attend ______ classes each week.
According to the first paragraph an American student is allowed______.
A．to live in a different university
B．to take a particular course in a different university
C．to live at home and drive to classes
D．to get two degrees from two different universities
American university students are usually under pressure of the world because______.
A．their academic performance will affect their future careers
B．they are heavily involved in student affairs
C．they have to observe university discipline
D．they want to run for positions of authority
Some students are enthusiastic for positions in student organizations probably because______.
A．they hate the constant pressure and strain of their study
B．they will then be able to stay longer in the university
C．such positions help them get better jobs
D．such positions are usually well paid
The student organizations seem to be effective in ______.
A．dealing with the academic affairs of the university
B．ensuring that the students observe university regulations
C．evaluating students"performance by bringing them before a court
D．keeping up the students"enthusiasm for social activities
13.The English, as a race，have the reputation of being very different from all other nationalities. Including their close neighbors, the French, Belgians and Dutch. It is claimed that living on an island separated from the rest of Europe has much to do with it. Whatever the reasons it may be fairly stated that the Englishman has developed many attitudes and habits which distinguished him from other nationalities.
Broadly speaking, the Englishman is a quiet, shy, reserved person who is fully relaxed only among people who knows very well. When he meets with strangers of foreigners, he often seems uneasy, even embarrassed. You have only to witness a commuter train any morning or evening to see the truth of this, serious-looking businesses and women sit reading their newspaper or dozing in a corner, no one speaks. In fact, to do so would seem most usual. An English wit, pretending to be giving advice to overseas visitors, once suggested, “on entering a railway compartment shake hands with all the passengers. ”Needless to say, he was not being serious. There is an unwritten but clearly understood code of behavior. which, if bro ken, makes the person immediately the object of suspicion.
It is a well-known fact that the English have an obsession with their weather and that, given half a chance, they will talk about it in length. Some people argue that it is because English weather forecast is undependable, as a result, English weather is a source of interest to everyone. This may be so. Certainly Englishmen cannot have much faith in the meteorological experts-the weathermen-who, after promising glorious, sunny weather for the following day, are often proved wrong when an anti-cyclone or as inaccurate as the weathermen in his prediction. This helps to explain the seemingly odd sight of an Englishman leaving home on a bright, sunny summer morning with a raincoat slung over an arm and an umbrella in his hand. So variable is the weather that by lunch time there could be thundering.
The overseas visitors may be excused for showing surprise at the number of references to weather that the English make to each other in the course of a single day. Very often conventional greetings are re placed by comments on the weather. “Nice day，isn’ t?” “Beautiful ! ”may well be heard instead of “Good morning”, how are you? “Although the foreigner may consider this exaggerated and comic, it is worthwhile pointing out that it could be used to his advantage. If he wants to start a conversation with an Englishman ( or woman) but is at a loss to know where to begin he would do well to mention the state of the weather.It is a safe subject, which will encourage even the most reserved Englishmen to enter into a conversation.
What is the reason that the Englishmen enter into a conversation?
A．Because the English have developed many different attitudes and habits.
B．Because living on an island separated from the rest of Europe has much to do with it.
C．Because the English are quite shy and reserved.
D．Because an Englishman often seems uneasy, even embarrassed when he meets with strangers or foreigners.
What does “meteorological experts ”mean in paragraph three?
D．a kind of Englishman
Why does the common man in England seem to be as accurate - or as inaccurate - as the weatherman in his prediction ?
A．Because the weather in England is so variable.
B．Because the common man in England has as much knowledge about weather as the weathermen.
C．Because by lunchtime there could be thunder and lightening in England.
D．Because English weather always defies forecast.
In England, which of the following greetings are more likely to be heard?
A．What a beautiful day!
B．Good morning, how are you ?
C．How do you do?
D．Nice to meet you!
In the following, which subject is the safest one to start a conversation?
19.The fridge is considered a necessity. It has been so since the 1960s when packaged food first appeared with the label：“store in the refrigerator.”
In my fridgeless Fifties childhood, I was fed well and healthily. The milkman came daily, the grocer, the butcher (肉商)， the baker, and the ice-cream man delivered two or three times a week. The Sunday meat would last until Wednesday and surplus (剩余) bread and milk became all kinds of cakes. Nothing was wasted, and we were never troubled by rotten food. Thirty years on, food deliveries have ceased, fresh vegetables are almost unobtainable in the country.
The invention of the fridge contributed comparatively little to the art of food preservation. A vast way of well-tried techniques already existed-natural cooling, drying, smoking, salting, sugaring, bottling…
What refrigeration did promote was marketing-marketing hardware and electricity, marketing soft drinks, marketing dead bodies of animals around the globe in search of a good price.
Consequently, most of the world s fridges are to be found, not in the tropics where they might prove useful, but in the wealthy countries with mild temperatures where they are climatically almost unnecessary. Every winter, millions of fridges hum away continuously, and at vast expense, busily maintaining an artificially-cooled space inside an artificially-heated house-while outside, nature provides the desired temperature free of charge.
The fridge" s effect upon the environment has been evident, while its contrinbution to human happiness has been insignificant. If you don’t believe me, try it yourself, invest in a food cabinet and turn off your fridge next winter. You may miss the hamburgers, but at least you’ ll get rid of that terrible hum.
The statement “In my fridgeless Fifties childhood, I was fed well and healthily.”(Line 1, Para. 2) suggests that______.
A．the author was well-fed and healthy even without a fridge in his fifties
B．the author was not accustomed to using fridges even in his fifties
C．there was no fridge in the author" s home in the 1950s
D．the fridge was in its early stage of development in the 1950s
Why does the author say that nothing was wasted before the invention of fridges ?
A．People would not buy more food than was necessary.
B．Food was delivered to people two or three times a week.
C．Food was sold fresh and did not get rotten easily.
D．People had effective ways to preserve their food.
Who benefited the least from fridges according to the author?
Which of the following phrases in the fifth paragraph indicates the fridge’ s negative effect on the environment?
A．“Hum away continuously”.
B．“Climatically almost unnecessary”.
D．“with mild temperatures”.
What is the author" s overall attitude toward fridges?
25.Have you ever dreamed of traveling in space? It was impossible a hundred years ago, nor was it 50 years ago. With the coming of the Space Age, man’ s dream of visiting the moon has come true.
The journey to the moon has been the first step towards future explorations in space. The distance between the moon and the Earth is very short indeed when compared with the distances between Earth and the other planets. Mars, the nearest planet to Earth is of miles away ! Traveling to the planets or travels between planets will be man’ s next aim. Such travels will be more difficult than the trip to the moon and certainly more exciting.
Recently, two American unmanned spacecraft, Vikings 1 and 2, landed on Mars in an attempt to discover whether that planet had any life on it. So far the presence of life on Mars has neither been proved nor ruled out. Russian space-probes have discovered that the surface of Venus is so hot that it is almost certain that there is no life there. Also the atmosphere of Venus is extremely, dense and the pressure is nearly a hundred times greater than the pressure of the Earth’s atmosphere.
Scientists believe that in the future, space stations can be built in space. These stations can act as stop-over points in space. Spacecraft can refuel at these stations and get their supply of air, food and water.
Spaceships of the future will be bigger and faster. They will be able to carry passengers for trips to the moon or planets.
Man may in the future find planets which have the same conditions as those we have on Earth, and make them his home. However such a possibility is still in the distant future. At the same time, Man should realize that the Earth will be his only home for a long time and begin to value and care for it.
Which of the following statements is true?
A．Recently, two American astronauts have landed on Mars.
B．The surface of Mars is very hot.
C．The journey to the moon started the future exploration in space.
D．There is life in Venus.
Which of the following planets is NOT mentioned ?
Scientists think that in the future space stations can be built for the following purposes EXCEPT ______.
A．carrying passengers to planets
B．acting as stop- over points
D．providing supply of air, food and water
Spaceships of the future will be ______.
A．faster and lighter
B．more convenient and comfortable
C．bigger and lighter
D．quicker and larger
What may man find in the future?
A．There will be no place the same as our Earth.
B．There will be many places, better than our Earth.
C．There will be some planets which may be suitable for our human being to live.
D．There will be a planet for man to be used as home in the near future.
Part IV Cloze
Directions: There are some blanks in the following passages. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the one that best fits into the passages. Then, mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
1.Brighton is a popular seaside town on the south coast of England. Not long ago, some policemen were very【21】. There【22】several serious accidents【23】by motorists driving too fast. The police started to set up a speed trap(速度监视器). They measured【24】of 88 yards on a straight road and watched to see【25】a car took to【26】that far. They knew that if a car took six seconds, it was traveling faster【27】the【28】limit of 30 miles an hour.
When the policemen were ready, they did【29】a hedge(树篱) and started to【30】passing cars. During their first half an hour, they caught five drivers. The policemen wrote down the【31】of each car and the name and address of the【32】. But for the next half an hour the policemen didn"t see anybody【33】too fast. They thought that this was very【34】. One of them drove a quarter of a mile along the road and saw two students【35】on the grass. They were【36】a sheet of cupboard so that motorists could see it. On the notice one of the students【37】: "Danger. Speed trap."
The policemen took the notice away and wrote down the names of the students. Later on they were each fined ￡5 for【38】to stop the police【39】motorists who were【40】the law.
C．the same as
D．no less than
五、5.Translation from Chinese to English
Part V Translation from Chinese to English
Directions: This part is to test your ability to translate Chinese into English.
Part VII Writing
0. For this part, you are supposed to write a narrative passage in 100 -- 120 words according to the following situations.
1.Pick out the appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete the following dialogues by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet Ⅰ.
A. I was held up by the traffic jam. B. That"s a good price. C. I think so.
D. If you run, you might catch it. E. Thank you very much. F. Nobody like this.
G. Yes, he will. H. I do some running every morning.
Hoe: What do you do for exercise?David:______
Wang: Excuse me, can you tell me when the next bus leaves for the airport?Woman: It"ll leave in 3 minutes.
Boss: Where have you been? It"s eight o"clock now.Rose: I"m sorry.
Jane: Mary bought this dress for 5 dollars, saving 4 dollars.Amber:______
Jack: Do you think Bob will get here on time?Tom: ______
责任编辑：彭雅倩 发布日期：2019年08月13日 来源：学赛网
更多内容请扫码关注 学赛网官方微信 （或微信搜索“xuesaizikao”）
扫码加入QQ群 （群号：950822889） +点击加入
恭喜您登记成功 3-5个工作日内会有专人与您联系 (请注意保证通讯通畅，方便及时联系)
距 2020 年 10 月 24 日 成考manbetx万博苹果剩余
1 4 6 天