一、1.Phonetics 0.(1) A．water
二、2.Vocabulary and StructurePart I Vocabulary and Structure
Directions: Each of the following sentences is provided with four choices. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Then, mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.
0. I ______ sleep late on Friday nights.
C．am intended to
D．am tended to
1. After smashing the Gang of Four, our country ______ to order out of chaos.
2. It was requested that the President ______ the students a performance at the New Year's party.
D．would give us
3. Because I have been very busy these days, I'll have to ______ my former classmates' invitation to a re-union party.
4. The teacher always loses her temper and the students cannot ______ her any longer.
A．put up with
5. The chairman ______ a few seconds till he found proper words to make his idea clearer.
A．broke away from
B．broke out of
6. I didn't notice the log on the ground and ______ over it.
7. Last night Mr. Baker ______ me and we had a face-to-face talk about our misunderstandings.
8. She ______ herself very well. Everybody thinks she has great style.
9. He didn't want to go to the cinema but they begged so hard that he ______ and went with them.
10. He ______ me of his brother.
11. He looks so tired this morning. He ______ last night.
A．must stay up late
B．must have stayed up late
C．was staying up late
D．has stayed up late
12. This kind of work is unfamiliar ______ me.
13. In new semester, there will be many activities ______ campus.
14. The dangerous monster was caught and killed ______ the end of the film.
15. Some diseases are ______ by wild animals.
16. Hearing the bell ring, the train began ______ speed.
17. The orator waved his hand ______ the audiences' applause.
B．in response to
C．in respond to
D．in respond of
18. The food price ______ by 10 percent during holiday.
19. He can also speak Italy ______ English.
20. Can you lend me some money? I have ______ my salary
A．ran out of
D．run out of
21. The May Fourth ______ against imperialism and feudalism began in Beijing in 1919.
22. I feel very sleepy after ______ . I think I'd better have a good rest now.
A．such a long day
B．such long a day
C．so a long day
D．a so long day
23. Although ______ named until 1812, the metal was used as early as 5100 B.C..
D．it was not
24. Tom's brother speaks French very well ______ Tom can speak little French.
C．in spite of
25. "Where is Mr. Liu?" "You can find him whether in library or ______ home."
26. When she heard the sad news, she broke ______ completely.
27. The book ______ with the development Of Information Technology.
28. She never doubted for a moment ______ she was right.
29. ______ it rains or not can't change his decision.
30. The United States and Canada are lands of ______ except for the Indians, who are the only true natives.
31. Jack would have gone to Chicago ______ to get a plane reservation.
A．was he able
B．if he is able
C．would he be able
D．if he had been able
32. In some people's mind, one's salary will determine one's ______ in society.
33. ______ , their use is impossible in many inland places.
A．As the ships are cheap
B．Cheap although the ships are
C．The ships are as cheap
D．Cheap as the ships are
34. There's not much milk left but I think there's just ______ for our breakfast.
A．enough of them
B．little of them
C．enough of milk
D．enough of it
三、3.Reading ComprehensionPart III Reading Comprehension
Directions: In this part there are four passages. Each passage is followed by a number of comprehension questions. Read the passages and choose the best answer to each question. Then, mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
1.Steamships were first introduced into the United States in 1807, and John Moison built the first steamship in Canada(then called British North America)in 1809. By the 1830s dozens of steam vessels were in use in Canada. They offered the traveler reliable transportation in comfortable facilities--a welcome alternative to stagecoach travel which at the best of times could only be described as wretched. This commitment to dependable river transport became entrenched with the investment of millions of dollars for the improvement of waterways, which included the construction of canals and lock systems. The Lachine and Welland Canals, two of the most important systems, were opened in 1825 and 1829, respectively. By the time that Upper and Lower Canada were united into the Province of Canada in 1841 ,the public debt for canals was more than one hundred dollars per capita, an enormous sum for the time. But it may not seem such a great amount if we consider that improvements allowed steamboats to remain practical for most commercial transport in Canada until the mid-nineteenth century.
What is the main purpose of the passage?
A．To contrast travel by steamship and stagecoach.
B．To criticize the level of public debt in nineteenth century in Canada.
C．To describe the introduction of steamships in Canada.
D．To show how Canada surpassed the United States in transportation improvements.
The word "reliable" in line 3 is closest in meaning to which of the following?
Which of the following can be inferred from the passage about stagecoach travel in Canada in the 1830s?
A．It was reasonably comfortable.
B．It was extremely efficient.
C．It was not popular.
D．It was very practical.
According to the passage, when was the Welland Canal opened?
According to the passage, steamships became practical means of transportation in Canada because of ______.
A．improvements in the waterways
B．large subsidies from John Moison
C．a relatively small population
D．the lack of alternate means
7.When the temperature of a liquid is raised enough, the liquid boils. This means that bubbles of vapor, containing millions of molecules, form. below the surface. In order for such bubbles to be produced, the pressure of the vapor inside them must be equal to the pressure of the air upon the surface of the liquid. If the air pressure is greater, the bubble will collapse. The boiling point of a liquid, then, is the temperature at which the vapor pressure of the liquid is equal to the atmospheric pressure upon the liquid at the surface.
The pressure of the atmosphere at sea level is about one kilogram per square centimeter. We call this pressure one atmosphere. The boiling point of a liquid, therefore, is the temperature at which its vapor pressure equals one atmosphere. The boiling point of water is 100 Celsius; of ethyl alcohol 78.5 Celsius; of mercury, 356.9 Celsius.
If the pressure on the surface of the water is reduced, the boiling point will be lower. Now the higher up we go from sea level, the lower the atmospheric pressure becomes, since there is less air to press upon us. Hence, while water boils at sea level at a temperature of 100 Celsius, its boiling point on a mountain three kilometers high is only 90 Celsius. Since the temperature of water does not rise as a result of boiling, it would take you longer to cook potatoes or carrots in boiling water on the mountain than it would at sea level.
The liquid boils only when ______.
A．the temperature is raised
B．the bubbles of vapor form. below the surface
C．the temperature of the liquid is raised enough
D．the temperature of the liquid is near 100 Celsius
Which statement of the following is correct according to this passage?
A．The boiling point of a liquid is the original temperature.
B．The higher the pressure on the surface of the liquid, the quicker the boiling point will be reached.
C．The boiling point of a liquid is 100 Celsius.
D．Both Ｂ and Ｃ.
In this passage the phrase "one atmosphere"( Line 8 )means" ______".
A．the mixture of gases that surrounds any heavenly body
B．one kilogram per square centimeter
C．the feeling among a group or produced by the surroundings
D．producing feelings of mysterious beauty or strangeness
Which statement of the following is false according to the passage?
A．The boiling point of water on a mountain three kilometers high is only 90 Celsius.
B．It would take you longer to cook potatoes in boiling water on the mountain than it would at sea level.
C．When the temperature of a liquid is raised enough, the liquid boils.
D．The boiling point of water on a mountain six kilometers high is 95 Celsius.
Which one is the best title for the passage?
A．Boiling Point of Liquids.
B．Three States of Water.
C．What Is One Atmosphere.
D．Temperature of Liquids.
13.Greenspace facilities are contributing to an important extent to the quality of the urban environment. Fortunately it is no longer necessary that every lecture or every book about this subject has to start with the proof of this idea. At present it is generally accepted, although more as a self-evident statement than on the base of a closely-reasoned scientific proof. The recognition of the importance of greenspaces in the urban environment is a first step on the right way, this does not mean, however, that sufficient details are known about the functions of greenspace in towns and about the way in which the inhabitants are using these spaces. As to this rather complex subject I shall, within the scope of this lecture, enter into one aspect only, namely the recreative function of greenspace facilities.
The theoretical separation of living, working, traffic and recreation which for many years has been used in town-and-country planning, has in my opinion resulted in disproportionate attention for forms of recreation far from home, whereas there was relatively little attention for improvement of recreative possibilities in the direct neighbourhood of the home. We have come to the conclusion that this is not right, because an important part of the time which we do not pass in sleeping or working, is used for activities at and around home. So it is obvious that recreation in the open air has to begin at the street-door of the house. The urban environment has to offer as many recreation activities as possible, and the design of these has to be such that more obligatory activities can also have a recreative aspect.
The very best standard of living is nothing if it is not possible to take a pleasant walk in the district, if the children cannot be allowed to play in the streets, because the risks of traffic are too great, if during shopping you can nowhere find a spot for enjoying for a moment the nice weather, in short, if you only feel yourself at home after the street-door of your house is closed after you.
According to the author, the importance of greenspaces in the urban environment______.
A．is still unknown
B．is being closely studied
C．is usually neglected
D．has been fully recognized
The theoretical separation of living ,working, traffic and recreation has led to ______.
A．the disproportion of recreation facilities in the neighbourhood
B．the location of recreation facilities far from home
C．relatively little attention for recreative possibilities
D．the improvement of recreative possibilities in the neighbourhood
The author suggests that the recreative possibilities of greenspace should be provided ______.
A．in special areas
B．in the suburbs
C．in the neighbourhood of the house
D．in gardens and parks
According to the author, greenspace facilities should be designed in such a way that ______.
A．more obligatory activities might take on a recreative aspect
B．more and more people might have access to them
C．an increasing number of recreative activities might be developed
D．recreative activities might be brought into our homes
The main idea of this passage is that ______.
A．better use of greenspace facilities should be made so as to improve the quality of our life
B．attention must be directed to the improvement of recreative possibilities
C．the urban environment is providing more recreation activities than it did many years ago
D．priority must be given to the development of obligatory activities
19.Across the United States, scientists are mounting what may become the most innovative agricultural research drive since the 1920s,when hybrid corn was developed. Surprisingly, the new genetic revolution is not taking place in America's fields. Instead, it is occurring in biology laboratories, for it involves the deliberate manipulation in test tubes of the genes of crop plants. This genetic engineering may prove the biggest boon to agriculture since plant breeding began.
The new concepts grew out of the bioengineering of bacteria for the production of such things as human hormones and vaccines for viral diseases. Plant cells, however, are far more complex than bacteria, and it will probably take many years for today's encouraging laboratory results to have a major impact on the farm. In fact the payoff may not come until the next century.
But although biotechnologists are still in the earliest phases of this new field of science, they are already actively exploring ways to redesign plants so they will use sunlight more efficiently, resist viruses and other pests, grow in hot or dry areas, in saline soils or in the presence of pesticides, and perhaps even make their own fertilizer out of nitrogen in the air. In addition, scientists have had early success in making wholly new plants that are unavailable by conventional plant breeding--a potato-tomato combination, for example.
The new technology holds the promise of virtually limitless horizons in food production. Only imagination sets the limits: frost-resistant wheat, tropical potatoes, saltwater rice, a plant producing a combination of a pea and a carrot--all may be with us one day.
What is the main topic of this passage?
According to this passage ,the new generic revolution involves ______.
A．experiments on plants in the fields
B．developing strains of hybrid corn
C．breeding plants in test tubes
D．rearranging plant genes in laboratories
What will be one effect of the new biotechnology on plants?
A．They will grow anywhere in the world.
B．Some will be able to grow in salty soils.
C．They will become poisonous to pests.
D．Using nitrogen from the air they will be able to cross-fertilize.
From the passage we understand that conventional plant breeding produced ______.
A．a potato-tomato hybrid
B．new plant technology
D．less dramatic results than the new technology
The overall effect of this passage is likely to make the reader feel ______.
A．enthusiastic about biotechnology
B．very wary about genetic engineering
C．reluctant to try new plant combinations
D．alarmed about limitless experiments
四、4.ClozePart IV Cloze
Directions: There are some blanks in the following passages. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the one that best fits into the passages. Then, mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
1.The cost is going up for just about everything, and college tuition is no exception. According to a nation- wide survey【21】by the College Board's Scholarship Service,【22】at most American universities will be【23】of 9 percent higher this year over last.
The biggest increase will occur at private colleges. Public colleges, heavily subsidized by rax funds, will also【24】their tuition, but the increase will be a few percentage points【25】than their privately sponsored neighbors.
As a follow-up, the United Press international did their own study【26】Massachussetts Institute of Technology. At M. I. T. advisors recommended that students have $ 8,900【27】for one year's expenses, including $ 5,300 for tuition, $ 2,685 for room and【28】, $ 630 for personal expenses, and $ 285 for books and supplies. Ten years ago the tuition was only $ 2,150. To【29】that another way, the cost has climbed 150 percent in the last【30】.
A．at this rate
C．on an average
D．by way of
五、5.Translation from Chinese to EnglishPart V Translation from Chinese to English
Directions: This part is to test your ability to translate Chinese into English.
六、6.Translation from English to ChinesePart VI Translation from English to Chinese
Directions: This part is to test your ability to translate English into Chinese.
0. The farmers brought their produces to town.
1. The talks proceeded in a friendly atmosphere.
2. Hope for the best and prepare for the worst.
3. I was unable to attend the wedding because of a prior engagement.
4. You'll never learn to ride a bicycle if you don't practice.
七、7.WritingPart VII Writing
0. For this part, you are given 25 minutes to write on" The Effects of Advertisement". You should write no less than 120 words and base your composition on the outline(given in Chinese) below.
1.Pick out the appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete the following dialogues by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
A. But I have to work. B. Coffee, please. C. Fine, and you?
D. May be Joan, E. Thanks. F. Good luck.
G. You, too. H. Yes, here you are.
Fred: How are you getting on these days?Mike: ______
David: What do you like to drink?Jack: ______
Joan: Would you like to go to the concert tonight?Lucy: ______
Lisa: Can't anybody tell me the answer to this math problem?John: ______
Bob: Have a good time.Linda: ______
责任编辑：彭雅倩 发布日期：2019年08月13日 来源：学赛网
距 2019 年 10 月 26 日 成考manbetx万博苹果剩余
0 3 6 天